English Language Post-1945
Bibliographic References to Dwarf Potted Trees

Compiled by Robert J. Baran

Pre-1945 Articles
Travellers' Observations
Pre-1945 French Articles

      The following is a list of known English language bonsai references. 
      Primary source into the 1960s was Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature (Vol. 1+, 1900- ).  Bonsai-specific periodicals are not listed in this section.  "P" before an entry indicates an article having only a passing mention of dwarf trees.  For historical significance, the following are listed in chronological order:

     Cavanaugh, James O.  "Tailor-Made Trees," Better Homes & Gardens, July 1946, pg. 88.  Two b&w photos.

                  "Japanese Miniature Trees," Life, October 7, 1946, pp. 87+.  Fourteen b&w photos on three pages.  About Keibun Tanaka's extensive collection in suburban Tokyo.

                  "Window-Box Trees," Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, QLD, Australia), November 15, 1947, pg. 10.  Two paragraphs about Lee Nelson in San Diego, CA.

     Huttenlocher, Fae  "How to make a Ming tree," Better Homes & Gardens, September 1948, pp. 30, 33, 34.  Ten b&w photos and three line drawings.

                  "Stunt man," The American Magazine, Vol. CL, No. 3, September, 1950, pg. 54.  In "Interesting People" section, with one b&w photo.  About Chiyokichi Takahashi.   ["A Tribute to My Father" by Grace Suzuki (Bonsai Journal, American Bonsai Society, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 1975, pg. 66) provides additional information about and another photograph of this widely known and respected grower.]

               "Century-Old Tree is Souvenir," The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, QLD, Australia), May 23, 1951, pg. 3.  One b&w photo and six paragraphs, initially about a medium-sized pine tree purchased in Japan for 7/ and arriving the day before on board a New Zealand frigate returning from Korean waters.

                  "Living Sculpture in Miniature," House Beautiful, May 1952, pp. 266, 268.  Ten b&w photos.

     Gordon, Isobel  "Japanese Miniature Gardens,"  Hobbies -- The Magazine for Collectors, June 1952, pg. 147.  Three paragraphs about Bon-Kei and dwarf trees.

                  "How to make a Ming Tree," The American Home, March 1954, pg. 143.  Three b&w photos and four line drawings.  "Data: A. LaVielle Lawbaugh"

     Corey, Paul  "How to Grow 'Dwarf Trees'," The American Home, Vol. LII, No. 4, September 1954, pp. 52-53.  With nine b&w photos.  On the magazine's masthead is the logo "Serving Over 3,000,000 Homemakers Every Month."

                  "In Miniature... Forest trees in a flower pot.  Bonsai, the dwarfing of trees is an ancient Japanese art which is an absorbing hobby," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), May 11, 1955, pp. 49.  Two color photos.

                  "Bonsai in Brooklyn," Life, May 23, 1955, pp. 84+.  Nine b&w photos on three pages.  Two paragraphs of text, one about Kan Yashiroda and his Brooklyn Botanic Garden class, the other a summary of plant training, along with photo captions.

                  "An introduction to bonsai...," Sunset, March 1956, pp. 244+.  Five b&w photos and two line drawings on four pages.  Sunset's first article on the subject, brief but sufficiently detailed care and training instructions.

                  "Dwarf Trees," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), May 29, 1957, pg. 51.  Fourteen paragraphs.  Two color photos: one of a Cedrus Atlantica belonging to Mr. V. Koreschoff, of Sydney, and the other of a Pomegranate belonging to Mrs. R. A. Schuchard, of Kew, Victoria.

     Kemmerer, Jack B.  "Little Oaks from Big Acorns," American Forests, April 1959, pp. 38-39, 46-47.  Ten b&w photos, including one of Jack Catlin, originator of the Catlin elm.

     Kemmerer, Jack B.  "Toothpick Forest," Popular Mechanics, August 1959, pp. 162-164.  Twelve illustrations.  A "thumbnail" guide on how to get started with bonsai.

P               "Ladies do Good," Times of London, January 4, 1960, pg. 13.  "From a Correspondent in New York."  (As a citation in the Oxford English Dictionary.)

                  "How to grow your own Bonsai," Better Homes & Gardens, November 1960, pp. 48, 86.  First page has large color photograph of a smiling Frank Nagata standing behind a pink flowered 90-year old Satsuki azalea in a dark blue scallop-edged pot.  Four other compositions are also seen.  "Photograph: de Gennaro.  Produced by Fleeta Brownell Woodrow."  On right half of page 86 are four b&w photos with text of Frank trimming, wiring and potting a pine.  "Photographs and data: Karel Bauer."   [Per a biography in American Bonsai Society's Bonsai Journal, Fall 1974, Vol. 8, No. 3, pg. 59, this is the article which started Arch Hawkins of Dallas, TX into the art.  When he died in 1995 he was the Journal's editor.]

                  "Your own bonsai tree for 8/-," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), April 18, 1962, pg. 10.  Two color photos.  Making artificial trees, but more realistic than described in U.S. articles.

     Peter, John ("Produced by")  "Bonsai Trees," Look, August 28, 1962, pg. 90a.  Six b&w photos by Richard Rutledge.  One paragraph of text.

                  "Tiny Trees," New Yorker, January 12, 1963, pp. 22-24.  In the "The Talk of the Town" section.  About the BBG classes.

               "Weather Cuts R.H.S. Show Exhibits," Times of London, February 6, 1963.  "From Our Horticultural Correspondent."  (As a citation in the Oxford English Dictionary.)

     Roche, Mary Alice  "Do-It-Yourself Bonsai," The American Home, May 1963, pp. 94, 96.  Five b&w photos.

                  "The Charm and the Art of Bonsai," The American Home, November 1964, pp. 96, 98.  Fifteen b&w photos: seven of BBG trees and eight of step-by-step with Ken Sugimoto.

     Yoshimura, Yuji  "The Meaning of Bonsai," Horticulture, December 1964, pg. 16+.  Five pages with six b&w photos.

     Macoboy, Stirling  "Bonsai, The Japanese art of training trees in miniature is at last coming of age in Australia," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), February 17, 1965, eight page special.  Five b&w and twelve color photos by author, and color cover photo by Bruce Cullen.

     Willse, James P.  "Bonsai, or Miniature Trees, Become a Fad: Fans Grow Their Own or Pay Up to $3,000," Wall Street Journal, January 4, 1966, pg. 9.

     Heaver, Alf  "Bonsai Made Easy," Your Garden (Australia), September 1966, pp. 3, 18-19, 21.  With ten color and nine b&w photos.

     Busch, Noel F.  "The Lilliputian World of the Bonsai," Reader's Digest, September 1967, pp. 182-188.  Four color photos.  About Kyuzo Murata

               "Wisteria... graceful racemes of beauty, the flowing banners of spring," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), November 29, 1967, pg. 26.  Four color photos, one of which has this caption: "SHOWER of delicate pink bloom... a wisteria grown as a bonsai by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Davis, of Cammeray, N.S.W."

                  "Native Bonsai ...in a hurry," Your Garden (Australia), June 1969, pg. 9.  Two b&w photos.

     Smith, Jacqueline  "Bonsai enthusiasts captivated by That Slow, Slow Art From Asia," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), June 4, 1969, pp. 27, 29.  Six color photos.  About the Koreshoff family.

     Koreshoff, Dot and Vita  "The miniature world of Bonsai... a new guide to the ancient art," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), February 11, 1970, pp. 109-112.  Five color photos.

     O'Connell, Jean  "The Art of Bonsai," Science Digest, March 1970, pp. 34-38.  Four b&w photos.

                  "At Home... with Margaret Sydney," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), March 18, 1970, pp. 58.

                  "Old Juniper," New Yorker, November 7, 1970, pp. 37-39.  In "The Talk of the Town" section, about the arrival of 'Fudo' to the BBG.

     Long, Charles R.  "An Informal History of Bonsai," Arnoldia, 1971, 31:261-273.  With six illustrations.   

     Riddell, Sarah  "The Mighty Oak in Miniature," New York, March 6, 1972, pp. 52.  One b&w photo of Frank Okamura of BBG by Norman McGrath.

     Vining, Donald M.  "A Visit With Zeko Nakamura and his trees," Horticulture, July 1972, pp. 32-35.  Two b&w photos.

     Stewart, I.M.  "You'll never get rich, growing bonsai trees in orange skins," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), October 31, 1973, pg. 49.  A Reader's Story.

     Vining, Donald M.  "The Serene Art of Bonsai," Horticulture, September 1975, pp. 56-59.   Bonsai by Andrew Lenz.  Photographed by Thomas C. Ballantyne.

     Kozelka, Art  "Bonsai art in miniature is big today," Chicago Tribune, August 14, 1976, pg. 1B-3.  Three photographs.  About the Midwest Bonsai Festival.

     Chalmers, Gillian  "Saikei, making a living landscape," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), October 27, 1976, pp. 73-74.  Nine color photos by Neville Waller.  Step-by-step demonstration from Toshio Kawamoto's recent visit to Australia with Tom Yamamoto.

     Orans, Muriel  "you can have BONSAI INDOORS," Flower and Garden, January 1977, pp. 49, 54.

     Pardo, Richard  "Our National Bonsai Collection," American Forests, Vol. 83, No. 12, December 1977, pp. 14-17, 48-49.  Seven color photos by the author.  Color cover photograph, of a 150 yr old Satsuki azalea, also by author.

                  "Bonsai, Growing Tiny Trees," National Geographic World, February 1978, Vol. 30, pp. 10-12.  Two color photos and three illustrations.  An introduction for children.

                  "The experts' way to care for bonsai," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), March 4, 1981, pp. 36-39.  Four b&w and twelve color photos.

     Hall, Therese  "Cultivating tiny trees that are big on style," The Australian Women's Weekly (Australia), November 4, 1981, pg. 11.  B&w photo plus six small paragraphs about Leonard Webber.

                  "Training Trees to Grow Small," Colorado Homes & Lifestyles, March/April 1983, pp. 119-122.  One color photo by Ron Johnson/Imageworks.  Much info from the perspective of the Denver Bonsai Club.

     Smith, Helen Matthews  "A Different Kind of Surgeon," MD, April 1985, pp. 65-70.  B&w photos and line drawings.  In the "Doctor After Hours" column, about Dr. David L. Andrews.

     Richman, Andrew  "The Tiny Bonsai Trees of Montreal Are the Best in the West -- And That's Certainly Not Going Out On A Limb," People Weekly, April 22, 1985, pp. 85-86.  Two whimsical b&w illustrations by Arnold Roth.

     Hubler, Eric  "The Tree of Life," The Washington Post, July 11, 1986.  Some 22 paragraphs.

     Davis, Rosalie H.  "A Gift From the East," Horticulture, August 1987, pp. 48-53.  Six b&w illustrations by Ray Maher.  About Wu Yee-sun and his gift penjing to the Montreal Botanical Garden.

     Kozelka, Art  "Qpampered [sic] Plants To Star In Bonsai Society Show," Chicago Tribune, August 14, 1988.  About the Midwest Bonsai Society's annual show.

     Hill, Nancy Jo  "Branch Manager: Bonsai Master Scours Remote Areas for Suitable Trees -- and the Promising Ones Seem to Call Out to Him," Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1989.  About Harry Hirao.

     Maine, Michael L.  "Khan & Kay Komai," Garden Ideas and Outdoor Living, Spring 1989, pp. 58-62.  Twenty-four color photos by Tommy Miyasaki.

                  "Hands-On Training, A Wee Tree Grows in Brooklyn," New York Magazine, Aug. 14, 1989, pg. 54.

     Tanner, Ogden  "Bonsai: a way of looking at trees with different eyes," Smithsonian, October 1989, pp. 138-153.  Seventeen color photos.

     Kozelka, Art  "The Mysteries Of Ancient Bonsai Take Shape At The Chicago Botanic Garden," Chicago Tribune, August 12, 1990.  About the Midwest Bonsai Society's annual show.

     Yang, Linda  "Bonsai: Living Art, but Not for Everyone," The New York Times, December 27, 1990.  Information from Elizabeth Scholtz, Jack Wikle, Kazuo Fujii, and Phil Tacktill, among others.

     Pasco, Jean O.  "Lilliputian Landscapes," Chicago Tribune, April 26, 1992.  About John Naka.  Originally in Orange County Register.

     Ward, Bernie  "Perfect Proportions," SKY Magazine of Delta Airlines, December 1992, pp. 28-36.  Eight color photos by Peter L. Bloomer, and one each from U.S. National Arboretum Penjing Collection and Weyerhaeuser Pacific Rim Collection.

     Filipov, David and Yelena Nikolayeva  "Bonsai! Dwarf Trees Make It Big," The Moscow Times, April 19, 1995.  About Tamara Belousova.

                  "Showing Restraint, A backyard garden integrates the ancient Oriental art of bonsai," Country Living Gardener, Vol. 4, No. 3, May/June 1996, pp. 36-43.  Fourteen color photos by Paul Kopelow.  About the collection and yard of Michael Persiano and his wife, Sarah.

                  "Truth and Beauty, in Pots," Harvard Magazine, September 1999.  Two color photographs by Jim Harrison.  Four paragraphs about Larz Anderson Collection of Dwarf Plants at the Arnold Arboretum, referencing Peter Del Tredici's 1989 article.

     Schinto, Jeanne  "How to Grow Your Own Tiny Forest," San Diego Reader, April 27, 2000.  About John Jackson, with 3 b&w photos by John Street.

     Bennett, Lennie  "A boy and his bonsai," St. Petersburg Times, May 11, 2002.  About Matt Authement, 12, the youngest member of the Suncoast Bonsai Club.

     Nakaso, Dan  "Little things can count a lot," The Honolulu Advertiser, December 11, 2002.  About Walter Liew.

     Trnka, Curt  "Coulee Region Bonsai Club struts its stuff at show," La Crosse Tribune, July 22, 2005.

     May, Lee  "Growing A Passion In Nature," Better Homes and Gardens, January 2006, pp. 60, 63-66, 68.  Fourteen color photos by Matthew Benson.  About Waldo Hutchins III in NY who studied at BBG under Yuji Yoshimura in the 1980s and who states that the Smithsonian article (above) was a source of inspiration.

     Lambert, Emily with Kiyoe Minami  "Bonsai!," Forbes, February 13, 2006.  Twelve paragraphs about bonsai in Japan, America, and Europe.

     Heithaus, Harriett Howard  "Art of growing," Naples Daily News, February 17, 2007.  About Ernie Fernandez and Dorothy Schmitz.

     Lawson, Amy  "Like bonsai trees? There's a club for you," Ag Journal Online, June 21, 2007.  About the New London, CT-based China Trade Bonsai Society.

     Arevalo, Wendy E.  "The art of the bonsai," The Hanford Sentinal, January 26, 2008.  About Bob Hilvers.

     Noble, Andrea  "Bowie bonsai grower to display works," Daily Hampshire Gazette, May 1, 2008.  About James Sullivan.

     Lopez Coll, Lucia  "Havana Bonsai Brighten Up Life," Havanna Times, January 9, 2009.  About Jorge Luis Guerra, president of the Havanna Bonsai Group.

     Toshiyuki, Ōkuma  "The Meaning of Bonsai: Tradition and the Japanese Esthetic," Japanese Foreign Policy Forum, September 2010.  By the first director of the Ōmiya Bonsai Art Museum.

     Bianchi, Melanie  "Taking Shape: Bonsai is Big at the North Carolina Arboretum in Asheville," Carolina Home & Garden, Fall 2010.  Six paragraph interview with Arthur Joura.

     Smith-Durisek, Susan  "Fans of bonsai are big on the little sculpted trees," Lexington Herald Leader, October 9, 2010.  About Jim Dietz and Ryan Gugeler.

     Atwell, Tom  "Maine Gardener: Good things, small packages: Bonsai," Portland Press Herald, December 4, 2011.  About O'Donal's Nursery bonsai specialist, Dave Remington, in Gorham.

     Metilla, Serapion S.  "Philippine bonsai artworks are world-class, too," Philippine Daily Inquirer, May 2, 2012.  About the history of bonsai in the Philippines and about the author, a founder of the Philippine Bonsai Society (PBS).

     Stewart, Martha  "Nature in Miniature," Martha Stewart Living, September 2012, pp. 17-20.  Ten color photos by Ngoc Minh Ngo and Frédéric Lagrange.

     Gambino, Megan  "Picture-Perfect Bonsai," What's Up? Magazine, September 13, 2012.  Thirteen paragraphs about Jonathan Singer's new large-format book, Fine Bonsai.

     Kohler, Kevin J.  "Transforming Trees: Breathtaking Bonsai," What's Up? Magazine, December 7, 2012.  Nine color photos.

     Gliddon, Greg  "Kew believed to be home of Australia's first bonsai trees," Herald Sun, January 20, 2013.  Five short paragraphs about Lindsay Farr with mention of RJB, and a screaming typo at the end of the article (compare with http://www.magiminiland.org/1900Refs/Argus1903.html).

     Backhouse, Megan  "Tiny roots deep in history," The Age, January 26, 2013, Week-End section pg. 10.  Two color photos by Eddie Jim.  Seventeen paragraphs about Lindsay Farr.

     Swift, Christy  "Local 'Lady' is queen of Bonsai," Highlands Today, an edition of the Tampa Tribune, May 8, 2013.  Nineteen short paragraphs about "Buttonwood Queen" Mary Madison.

     Viall, Jeanne  "Gallery: The slow art of bonsai," The Independent Online, December 10, 2013.  Four color photos.  About Rudi Adam.

     Garver, Lloyd  "Secrets of a bonsai master," Santa Monica Daily Press, January 30, 2014.  About Frank Goya.

     Campbell, Kate  "Bonsai," California Bountiful, Jan./Feb. 2014.  Color photos by the author and Lori Fusaro.  About Robert Pressler.

     Dillaway, Warren  "Family business thrives," Star Beacon, July 13, 2014.  About the Mihalic family.

                  "Oakland: Lake Merritt's bonsai curator defied odds to become a 'master'," East Bay Times, September 28, 2014.  About Kathy Shaner.

     Owens, Mitchell "Meet the Brad Pitt of Bonsai," Architectural Digest, October 31, 2014.  About Bjorn Bjorholm, who also supplied the photos.

     Özçelik, Özge  "Bonsai: More than microcosmic ingenuity," Daily Sabah, February 5, 2015.  Eight paragraphs ending with a quote by John Naka.

     Jett, Cathy  "A growing bonsai business," Fredericksburg.com, May 2, 2015.  Twenty-five short paragraphs about the owners of Gardens Unlimited.

     Evers, Jeannie  "Monterey bonsai show: Trees' beauty shaped carefully over many years," Monterey Herald, June 11, 2015.  About Katsumi Kinoshita.

                  "The Art of Bonsai as therapy for Arthritis," Joint Ability, South Africa Winter 2015, pp. 3, 21.  Three color photos and fifteen paragraphs about Caroll Hermann.

     Boucher II, Gilbert R.  "Bonsai curator finds his groove at Chicago Botanic Garden," Daily Herald, July 17, 2015.  Thirteen short paragraphs about Chris Baker.

     Patail, Marty "Can a Couple of Americans Transform the Ancient Art of Bonsai?," Portland Monthly, September 2015.  Eight short paragraphs about Ryan and Chelsea Neil.

     Blackburn, Lisa  "A Prairie Boy's Passion for Bonsai," Verso, The Blog of the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, September 11, 2015.  Four color photos also by the author.  About Ted Matson.

     LeBrun, Nancy  "The Bonsai Kid," Craftsmanship Quarterly, September 17, 2015.  Color photos also by the author.  About Ryan Neil and The Artisan's Cup.

     Essex, Randy  "Growing U.S. bonsai movement has roots in Glenwood," Post Independent Citizen Telegram, September 29, 2015.  With seven color slides.  About Ryan and Chelsea Neil.

     Jaafari, Joseph  "Tiny Trees, Deep Roots: The History of Bonsai in the Bay Area," 7x7.com, October 5, 2015.  Five color photos.

     McAllister, Gwyn "Ernie and the wee trees at Donaroma's," MV Times, December 17, 2015.  Color photo by Sam Moore.  About Ernie Carlomagno.

     Nelson, Jan  "Bonsai bonanza," Press-Banner, March 26, 2016.  About Chris Howe.

     Robinson, Britany  "Learning to grow: the American bonsai master who starved for knowledge," The Guardian, May 25, 2016.  With four color photographs.  About Ryan Neil.

     Ryan, Meg  "American Bonsai," Garden Design, Autumn 2016, pp. 30, 33-34.  About Ryan Neil.

                  "Aarin Packard's cool job at Pacific Bonsai Museum," The Seattle Times, March 1, 2017.  Two color photos and five paragraph interview with Aarin Packard.

     Geringer, Dan  "Bonsai master takes hobbit-size trees to Philadelphia Flower Show," The Inquirer, March 9, 2017.  About Chase Rosade.

                  "The art of bonsai to grow on display," Honolulu-Star Advisor, March 19, 2017.  About Keith Schultz and the Rainbow Bonsai Club of Oahu.

     Dixon, Amy  "Bonsai may be easier than you think," Winston-Salem Journal, March 23, 2017.  Twenty paragraphs.

     Worden, Tom  "Ashlander John Whitt enjoys lifelong project of bonsai trees," The Daily Independent, March 25, 2017.

     Miculka, Cameron  "Waimea Bonyu Kai Bonsai Club holds annual exhibition," West Hawaii Today, May 29, 2017.

     Chan, Alex  "Kofu Kai club keeps the tradition of bonsai alive," Los Angeles Times, Sept. 14, 2017.  About Kofu Bonsai Kai.

Obviously this list is nowhere near complete.  Anyone who knows of additional citations to bonsai is asked to please contact rjb@magiminiland.org.  Contributor acknowledgment will be posted.  Please include as many details as possible.  Thank-you!

Pre-1945 Articles
Travellers' Observations
Pre-1945 French Articles

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