| "Visit to the Fati
Gardens" by Rev. H. Hickok (1849) includes these four paragraphs on the second page:
The dwarfed fruit and other trees constitute
much of the attraction of Chinese gardens. This is an art of the
florist which is much practiced, and is highly esteemed. These
present to the stranger a great novelty. Here are growing, in
jars, forest trees not more than two feet high, which have all the
appearance of most venerable age. When it is desired to have a
dwarf fruit tree, a branch full of blossoms is girdled, and rich loam
is then bound about the branch on the naked wood; this is kept moist,
and when the radicles have shot out into the soil, and the fruit is
ripe, the branch is severed from the tree and placed in a shallow pot;
and then, with trimming, it becomes a miniature tree, laden with fruit.
1 Hickok, Rev. H.
"Visit to the Fati Gardens" (The Ladies' Repository: a monthly periodical, devoted
to literature, arts, and religion, Volume 9, Issue: 4, Apr 1849), pg.