ALL  THE  PRIMARY  PLANTS  USED  AS  BONSAI
AND  IN  THE  RELATED  ARTS  --
A  TAXONOMIC  ANALYSIS  OF  THE  DILLENIIDAE


compiled by Robert J. Baran


This Page Last Updated: July 15, 2017



(General notes at page bottom)

 
Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II


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Division      Magnoliophyta    :    Ovary-enclosed-seeded flowering plants whose embryos possess two (dicot) leaf-like structures called cotyledons
----- Class      Magnoliopsida
---------- Subclass      Dilleniidae    :    more or less advanced trees and shrubs and herbs having either polypetalous or gamopetalous corollas and often with ovules attached to the walls of the ovary
--------------- Order      Brassicales (Capparales)
-------------------- Family      Caricaceae, the papaya family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Carica
------------------------------ Species       papaya L.       Papaya / Pawpaw
-------------------- Family      Moringaceae, the moringa family
------------------------- Genus      Moringa
------------------------------ Species       oleifera Lam.  (pterygosperma)       Moringa / Kamunggay / Malunggay / Ben oil or Drumstick or Horseradish tree / Dool -------------------- Family      Salvadoraceae, the salvadora family
------------------------- Genus      Salvadora
------------------------------ Species       persica L.        Arak / Meswak / Peelu / Pilu / Toothbrush or mustard tree / Mustard bush
--------------- Order      Ericales
-------------------- Family      Actinidiaceae, the Chinese gooseberry family
------------------------- Genus      Actinidia  o
------------------------------ Species      deliciosa (A.Chev.) C.F.Liang & A.R.Ferguson (chinensis, latifolia)        Chinese gooseberry / kiwifruit
-------------------- Family      Balsaminaceae, the balsam family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Impatiens  o
------------------------------ Species      mirabilis Hook.f.       Impaitens
------------------------------ Species      niamniamensis Gilg (bicolor, dichroa, eminii, myriantha, violaceo-pilosula)        Congo cockatoo / Parrot plant or impatiens / African queen
-------------------- Family      Clethraceae, the clethra family
------------------------- Genus      Clethra  #
------------------------------ Species      alnifolia L.       Summersweet clethra / Sweet pepperbush / Anne Bidwell
-------------------- Family      Cyrillaceae, the cyrilla family
------------------------- Genus      Cyrilla  (Itea)
------------------------------ Species      racemiflora L. (antillana, brevifolia, caroliniana, cubensis, fuscata, nipensis, nitidissima, parvifolia, perrottetii, polystachia)        Swamp cyrilla / Swamp or red or black or white titi / Leatherwood / Ironwood / He huckleberry / Myrtle / Kobanozuina
-------------------- Family      Ebenaceae, the ebony family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Diospyros (Cavanillea, Ebenus, Embryopteris, Ferreola, Maba, Royena)   # o
------------------------------ Species      armata Hemsl. (pilosa)        Spiny persimmon / Ping lan hua
------------------------------ Species      discolor Willd. (blancoi, durionoides, mabolo, malacapai, merrillii, philippensis, utilis)        Kamagong / Mabolo / Butter fruit / Velvet apple / Matib
------------------------------ Species      glabra (L.) De Winter        Bloubekbessie / Bloubessie / Bloubessiebos / Blueberry bush / Kersbessiebos / Kraaibessie / Kraaibessiebos / Vliebessiebos / Vliebos / Vliebosbessie
------------------------------ Species      kaki L.f. (amara, argyi, bertii, chinensis, costata, kaempferi, lycopersicon, mazelii, roxburghii, schi-tse, schitze, sinensis, sphenophylla, trichocarpa, wieseneri)        Japanese or Kaki or Asian persimmon / Kaki / Keg fig / Date plum
------------------------------ Species      lotus L. (calycina, mediterranea, microcarpa, umlovok)        Date-plum / Caucasian or Lilac persimmon
------------------------------ Species      lycioides Desf.       Bluebush / Star-apple / Monkey plum / Bloubos / Muthala / Lethanyu / Monkga-nku / Mtloumana / Umbhongisa / Umbulwa / Umcafudane
------------------------------ Species      malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. (biflora, citrifolia, embryopteris, glutinifera, glutinosa, peregrina, siamensis)        Gaub Tree / Malabar or Black-and-white or Pale Moon ebony / Indian persimmon / Gaab / Tumbika / Temburi / Panancca / Bandadamara / Holitupare / Tinduka
------------------------------ Species      montana Roxb. (auriculata, bracteata, calcarea, calycina, cordifolia, dioica, glauca, goindu, heterophylla, humilis, kanjilalii, microcarpa, orixensis, pubicalyx, punctata, rugosula, waldemarii)        Vakanai / Malayakathitholi / Manjakara / Mustam
------------------------------ Species      natalensis (Harv.) Brenan (dawei, nyasae)        Jackalberry
------------------------------ Species      rhodocalyx Kurz (chevalieri, finetii)        Tako naa
------------------------------ Species      rhombifolia Hemsl.        Princess or Diamond-leaf or Chinese persimmon / Lao ya shi
------------------------------ Species      simii (Kuntze) De Winter       Climbing star apple
------------------------------ Species      vera (Lour.) A.Chev. (angustifolia, buxifolia, compacta, egbert-walkeri, ferrea, geminata, humilis, littorea, nigrescens, salomonensis)        Bantulinao / Bantoinao / Xiang ya shu
------------------------------ Species      virginiana L. (angustifolia, calycina, caroliniana, ciliata, concolor, digyna, distyla, fertilis, guaiacana, intermedia, lucida, mosieri, persimon, pubescens, stricta, undulata)        American or Common or Eastern persimmon / Simmon / Possumwood / Sugar-plum
------------------------------ Species      whyteana (Hiern) P.White        Bladdernut / Swartbas / Wild coffee / umTenatane
------------------------- Genus      Euclea
------------------------------ Species      crispa (Thunb.) Gürke (antunesii, bakeriana, baumii, dekindtii, desertorum, guerkei, lanceolata, ochrocarpa)        Blue guarri
-------------------- Family      Ericaceae, the heath or heather family P   Ericoid Mycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Acrotriche
------------------------------ Species      divaricata R.Br.        Acrotriche
------------------------- Genus      Arbutus  o   * EctoMycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      menziesii Pursh (procera)       Pacific madrona or madrone
------------------------------ Species      unedo L. (cassinifolia, crispa, croomii, integrifolia, intermedia, laurifolia, microphylla, nothocomaros, pavarii, procumbens, salicifolia, serratifolia, turbinata, vulgaris)        Strawberry tree / Arbutus / Cane apple
------------------------- Genus      Arctostaphylos (Arbutus, Daphnidostaphylis, Uva-ursi) *   * EctoMycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      hookeri G.Don (acuta, pungens, uva-ursi)        Monterey carpet or Monterey pine or Hooker's manzanita
------------------------------ Species      nevadensis A.Gray (pungens)        Pinemat manzanita
------------------------------ Species      patula Greene (pungens)        Greenleaf manzanita
------------------------------ Species      pungens Kunth (chaloneorum, cratericola, glauca, pseudopungens, uva-ursi)        Pointleaf manzanita
------------------------------ Species      uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. (adenotricha, angustifolia, officinalis, procumbens)        Kinnikinnick / Pinemat manzanita
------------------------- Genus      Astroloma (Stenanthera, Styphelia)
------------------------------ Species      pinifolium (R.Br.) Benth.  (pinifolia)        Pine heath
------------------------- Genus      Calluna (Erica)
------------------------------ Species      vulgaris (L.) Hull (atlantica, beleziana, ciliaris, elegantissima, erica, genuina, sagittifolia)        Common or Scotch heather / Ling / Heather
------------------------- Genus      Enkianthus (Andromeda)  *  #
------------------------------ Species      campanulatas (Miq.) G.Nicholson (kikuchi-masaoi, latiflorus, pallidiflorus, pendulus, recurvus, tectus)        Redvein enkianthus / Furin-tsutsuji
------------------------------ Species      cernuus (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Makino  (matsudae, meisteria, nipponicus)        Nodding enkianthus
------------------------------ Species      perulatus (Miq.) C.K.Schneid. (japonicus, taiwanianus)        White enkianthus / Dodan-tsutsuji / Pearl bush
------------------------- Genus      Erica
------------------------------ Species      arborea L. (acrophya, elata, procera, scoparia, stylosa)        Tree heath
------------------------- Genus      Ledum (Rhododendron)   *
------------------------------ Species      palustre L. (tomentosum)        Marsh Labrador or Northern Labrador or Chrystal or Marsh tea / Wild rosemary
------------------------- Genus      Lyonia (Leucothoe, Pieris, Xolisma)  *
------------------------------ Species      lucida (Lam.) K. Koch (marginata, nitida)        Shining fetterbush
------------------------- Genus      Monotoca (Styphelia)
------------------------------ Species      elliptica R.Br.        Tree broom heath
------------------------------ Species      empetrifolia R.Br.        Monotoca
------------------------- Genus      Pieris (Lyonia) # leaves and flowers are poisonous #   *
------------------------------ Species      formosa (Wall.) D. Don (bodinieri, forrestii, huana, japonica)        Chinese or Himalayan pieris
------------------------------ Species      japonica (Thunb.) D. Don ex G. Don (polita, popowii, taiwanensis)        Japanese andromeda / Lilly of the Valley bush
------------------------- Genus      Rhododendron (Azalea)  *
------------------------------ Species      degronianum Carrière  (metternichii)        Dwarf or Yak rhododendron / Shakunage
------------------------------ Species      eriocarpum Nakai  (tamurae)        Dwarf Indica azalea
------------------------------ Species      fastigiatum Franch.  (nanum)        Dwarf rhododendron / Mi zhi du juan
------------------------------ Species      impeditum Balf. f. & W.W. Sm.  (litangense)        Dwarf rhododendron
------------------------------ Species      indicum (L.) Sweet  (breynii, danielsianum, decumbens, hannoense, indica, lateritium, macranthum, obtusum) <"2000-3000 cultivars">        Indica or Southern Indian azalea
------------------------------ Species      japonicum C.K.Schneid.        Japanese azalea / Renge-tsutsuji
------------------------------ Species      kaempferi Planch.       Torch or Kaempfer azalea / Yama-tsutsuji
------------------------------ Species      kiusianum Makino       Kyushu azalea
------------------------------ Species      molle G.Don  (sinense) # very toxic #       Chinese azalea / Renge-tsutsuji / Yang zhi zhu
------------------------------ Species      mucronulatum Turcz.  (dauricum)        Korean rhododendron / Ryukyu azalea / Ryukyu-tsutsuji
------------------------------ Species      obtusum Hort. ex Wats.  (kurume)        Hiryu or Kurume azalea / Kirishima-tsutsuji / Dun ye du juan
------------------------------ Species      serpyllifolium Miq.       Minute-leaf rhododendron / Wild thyme or Unzen azalea / Unzen-tsutsuji
------------------------------ Species      simsii Planch.  (bellum, bicolor, calleryi, indicum, petilum, viburnifolium) 18        Indian or Indoor azalea / Du juan
------------------------------ Species      tschonoskii Maxim.       Chonosuke rhododendron / Dwarf azalea / Kome-tsutsuji
------------------------- Genus      Vaccinium (Oxycoccus, Schollera)  *  o
------------------------------ Species      corymbosum L.        Northern highbush blueberry
------------------------------ Species      oxycoccos L.        Small or Bog or Swamp cranberry
------------------------------ Species      pallidum Aiton        Hillside or Blue Ridge or Late lowbush or Early lowbush blueberry
------------------------------ Species      vitis-idaea L. (jesoense)        Lingonberry / Northern mountain-cranberry / Cowberry
-------------------- Family      Lecythidaceae, the Brazil nut family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Barringtonia
------------------------------ Species      acutangula (L.) Gaertn.  (spicata)        Barringtonia / Freshwater mangrove / Indian oak or putat / Hendol / Hinyol / Pani amra / Hijal / Hijagal / Samundarphal / Mavinkubia / Niruganigily / Dhatripala / Attampu / Attupelu / Nir perzha / Tiwar / Newar / Sathaphala / Samudraphala / Nijhira / Abdhiphala / Ambudhiphala / Aram / Kadambu / Kadappai / Kurpa
------------------------- Genus      Cariniana
------------------------------ Species      legalis (Mart.) Kuntze  (brasiliensis)        Jequitibá-branco / Jequitibá-rosa
-------------------- Family      Primulaceae, the primrose family (Myrsinaceae)   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Ardisia  o
------------------------------ Species      crenata Sims       Coral bush / Coralberry / Coralberry tree / Hen's-eyes / Spiceberry
------------------------------ Species      crispa (Thunb.)A.DC.       Ardisia / Manryo
------------------------------ Species      japonica Blume W       Japanese ardisia / Marlberry / Maleberry / Yabukoji
------------------------- Genus      Myrsine
------------------------------ Species      africana L.       African boxwood / Cape myrtle
-------------------- Family      Sapotaceae, the sapodilla family
------------------------- Genus      Chrysophyllum (Achras)
------------------------------ Species      cainito L.       Cainito / Caimito / Star apple / Golden leaf tree / Abiaba / Pomme du lait / Estrella / Milk fruit / Aguay
------------------------- Genus      Manilkara (Achras)
------------------------------ Species      hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard (emarginata)        Palu / Palai / Khirnee / Rayan / Ceylon iron wood / Milk tree / Wedge-leaved ape flower / Drirh / Karani / Ulakkai-p-palai / Krini / Pazhamunpaala / Ankalu / Nandivriqshamu / Palachettu / Bakula / Krikhiyur / Karni / Kshirini / Nimbabija / Rajadana / Ranjana
------------------------------ Species      jaimiqui (C. Wright) Dubard (bahamensis) W       Wild dilly or sapodilla
------------------------------ Species      zapota (L.) P.Royen  (achras, breviloba, calderonii, conzattii, gaumeri, grisebachii, meridionalis, rojasii, sapota, striata , tabogaensis, zapotilla)       Chicle / Chico / Chico or Mammee sapote / Chiku / Chikku / Dilly / Marmalade plum / Naseberry / Nispero / Sapodilla / Zapote / Zapotillo
------------------------- Genus      Mimusops (Kaukenia)
------------------------------ Species      elengi L. (erythroxylon, javensis, latericia, lucida, parvifolia, timorensis)        Spanish cherry / Medlar / Bullet wood / Maulsari / Bakul / Bokul / Magizamaram / Ilanji / Ranja
------------------------- Genus      Pouteria
------------------------------ Species      caimito Radlk.       Abiu / Caimito amarillo / Caimo / Madura verde / Luma / Abio / Abieiro
------------------------------ Species      campechiana Baehni       Canistel / Tiesa / Chesa / Eggfruit / Yellow sapote / Tiessa / Tiesa / Laulu / Lavulu / Lawalu / Lamut Khamen / Tho Khamen / Mon Khai / Khai / cây trúng gà / Lekima
------------------------------ Species      sapota (Jacq.) H. E. Moore & Stearn       Mamey / Mamey sapote
------------------------- Genus      Synsepalum  o
------------------------------ Species      dulcificum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Daniell       Miracle fruit / Miracle or Miraculous berry / Sweet berry / Agbayun / Taami / Asaa / Ledidi
-------------------- Family      Styracaceae, the silver bells family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Styrax  *
------------------------------ Species      japonicus Siebold & Zucc.  (japonica, serrulata)        Japanese snowbell / Egonoki
-------------------- Family      Theaceae, the tea family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Camellia  (Thea) *
------------------------------ Species      cuspidata (Kochs) H. J. Veitch       Camellia / Lian rui cha
------------------------------ Species      hiemalis Nakai        Dwarf sasanqua
------------------------------ Species      japonica L.  18        Camellia / Japanese camellia / Rose of winter / Shan cha
------------------------------ Species      maliflora Lindl.       Maliflora camellia
------------------------------ Species      reticulata Lindl.  (heterophylla)        To-tsubaki / Yennan or Reticulata camellia
------------------------------ Species      sasanqua Thunb.       Christmas or Yuletide camellia / Sasanqua tea / Sazanka
------------------------------ Species      sinensis (L.) Kuntze  (angustifolia, arborescens, assamica, dehungensis, dishiensis, longlingensis, multisepala, oleosa, parvisepala, parvisepaloides, polyneura, thea, theifera, waldeniae)        Tea plant / Cha
------------------------------ Species      taliensis (W. W. Smith) Melchior  (changningensis, irrawadiensis, pentastyla, quinquebracteata)        Da li cha
------------------------------ Species      tsaii Hu (callidonta, crassipetala, pseudoelongata)       Tsaii / Zhai ye lian rui cha
------------------------------ Species      vernalis (Makino) Makino       Egao camellia
------------------------- Genus      Cleyera (Ternstroemia)
------------------------------ Species      japonica Thunb.  (ochnacea)        Cleyera / Sakaki
------------------------- Genus      Eurya
------------------------------ Species      emarginata (Thunberg) Makino       Bin ling
------------------------------ Species      japonica Thunb. (latifolia, nitida)       Eurya
------------------------- Genus      Stewartia  *
------------------------------ Species      monadelpha Siebold & Zucc.       Hime-shara / Ko-natsutsubaki / Orangebark or Tall stewartia / Hohe Scheinkamelie
------------------------------ Species      pseudocamellia Maxim.       Japanese stewartia / Deciduous camellia / Natsu-tsubaki / Shara-no-ki
--------------- Order      Euphorbiales
-------------------- Family      Buxaceae, the box family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Buxus
------------------------------ Species      balearica Lam.       Southern boxwood / Balearic box / Boj balear
------------------------------ Species      harlandii Hance. (japonica)       Harland boxwood / Japanese box
------------------------------ Species      macowanii Oliv.       Cape Box / Buig-my-nie / Afrikanse buksboom / iGalagala / umGalagala
------------------------------ Species      microphylla Siebold & Zucc.       Japanese or Littleleaf box or boxwood / Hime-tsuge / Kusa-tsuge
------------------------------ Species      sempervirens L.       Common or European box
------------------------------ Species      sinica (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) M. Cheng  4        Chinese box or boxwood / Huang yang
-------------------- Family      Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Acalypha
------------------------------ Species      wilkesiana Müll.Arg. (amentacea, circinata, compacta, godseffiana, hamiltoniana, illustris, macafeeana, macrophylla, marginata, musaica, torta, tricolor, triumphans)        Acalypha
------------------------- Genus      Codiaeum
------------------------------ Species      variegatum (L.) A.Juss.       Garden or Variegated croton
------------------------- Genus      Croton (Hisingera, Myroxylon, Xylosma)
------------------------------ Species      cingestus Lour.       Shiny or Japanese xylosma
------------------------- Genus      Euphorbia (Ponamella, Synadenium)
------------------------------ Species      balsamifera Aiton        Canary Island milkweed
------------------------------ Species      bicompacta Bruyns  # sap is poisonous #        Tanzanian red or African milk bush / Purple leaf brown jug plant
------------------------------ Species      cylindrifolia Marn.-Lap. & Rauh        Euphorbia
------------------------------ Species      grantii Oliv. (mulemae)  # sap is poisonous #        African milk bush
------------------------------ Species      hainanensis Croizat        Hainan euphorbia / Hai nan da ji
------------------------------ Species      milii Des Moul.        Crown of thorns / Christ plant or thorn
------------------------------ Species      pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch  # low sap toxicity despite common belief #        Poinsettia / Cuetlayochitl / Crown of the Andes
------------------------------ Species      umbellata (Pax) Bruyns (psuedograntii)  # sap is poisonous #        African milk bush / Leitosinha / Janaúba
------------------------- Genus      Jatropha (Adenoropium)
------------------------------ Species      integerrima Jacq. (acuminata, coccinea, diversifolia, glaucovirens, hastata, moluensis, pandurifolia, pauciflora)        Peregrina / Physic nut / Spicy jatropha
------------------------------ Species      podagrica Hook.        Buddha belly plant / Bottleplant shrub / Gout plant or stick / Purging-nut / Guatemalan rhubarb / Goutystalk nettlespurge / Tartogo / Coral or Physic nut
------------------------- Genus      Monadenium
------------------------------ Species      neorubella Bruyns  (montanum, rubellum)        Red Monadenium
------------------------- Genus      Spirostachys
------------------------------ Species      africana Sond.  # sap is poisonous #        Tamboti / Tambotie / Tambootie / Tambuti
------------------------- Genus      Suregada (Gelonium)
------------------------------ Species      aequorea (Hance) Seem.  # sap is poisonous #        Tai wan bai shu
------------------------- Genus      Triadica (Sapium)
------------------------------ Species      sebifera (L.) Small  # sap is poisonous #        Chinese tallow tree / Florida aspen / Gray popcorn or Chicken tree / Candleberry tree
------------------------- Genus      Trigonostemon (Poilaniella)
------------------------------ Species      fragilis (Gagnepain) Airy-Shaw  (lutescens)        Polan / Airy shaw
-------------------- Family      Vitaceae, the grape family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Ampelopsis  o
------------------------------ Species      brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv.  (Vitis heterophylla)        Porcelain berry
------------------------- Genus      Cayratia  o
------------------------------ Species      trifolia (L.) Domin       Threeleaf cayratia
------------------------- Genus      Cissus (Vitis)
------------------------------ Species      alata Jacq. (rhombifolia)        Grape or oak-leaf ivy / Venezuela treebine / Zimmerrebe / kungscissus
------------------------------ Species      antarctica Vent. (oblongata)        Kangaroo vine
------------------------- Genus      Cyphostemma (Cissus)
------------------------------ Species      bainesii (Hook. f.) Desc.       African tree grape
------------------------------ Species      currori (Hook. f.) Desc.  (cramerianum)        Kobas (Cobas) or Butter tree.
------------------------------ Species      elephantopus Desc.       Cyphostemma / Elephant-foot grape tree
------------------------------ Species      juttae (Dinter &' Gilg) Desc.       Bastard cobas / Wild or Tree or Namibian grape / Droog-my-keel
------------------------------ Species      laza Desc.       Laza
------------------------- Genus      Parthenocissus (Ampelopsis, Vitis)  # o
------------------------------ Species      quinquefolia (L.) Planch.W       Virginia creeper / Five-leaved ivy / Five-finger / Woodbine
------------------------------ Species      tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.  (thunbergii)        Japanese creeper / Boston or Grape or Japanese ivy / Woodbine / Natsu-zuta / Tsuta / Koyo-zuta
------------------------- Genus      Vitis  o
------------------------------ Species      coignetiae Pulliat ex Planch.       Crimson glory vine / Meoru / Yama-budo / Inedible grape
------------------------------ Species      labrusca L.       Fox grape
------------------------------ Species      riparia Michx.       River bank or Frost grape
------------------------------ Species      rotundifolia Michx.  (munsoniana)        Muscadine / Scuppernong / Bullace / Southern fox grape
------------------------------ Species      vinifera L.       Common or Wine grape
--------------- Order      Malvales
-------------------- Family      Malvaceae, the mallow family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Abutilon  *
------------------------------ Species      megapotamicum (A.Spreng.) A.St.-Hil. & Naudin  (inflatum, vexillarium)        Trailing abutilon / Flowering maple / Chinese lanterns
------------------------------ Species      pictum K.Schum.  (striatum),        Abutilon / Redvein abutilon / Flowering maple / Painted Indian-mallow
------------------------- Genus      Adansonia (Baobabus)
------------------------------ Species      digitata L. (bahobab, baobab, integrifolia, scutula, situla, somalensis, sphaerocarpa, sulcata)        Baobab / Dead-rat or Bottle or Monkey-bread tree
------------------------------ Species      grandidieri Baill.        Grandidier's baobab / Baobab / Monkey bread tree / Fony / Renala
------------------------------ Species      gregorii F.Muell. (gibbosa, rupestris, stanburyana)        Boab / Baobab
------------------------------ Species      za Baill. (alba, bozy, boinensis)        Za or Reakaly or Ampanihy baobab
------------------------- Genus      Ceiba (Bombax, Chorisia)  o
------------------------------ Species      insignis (Kunth) P.E.Gibbs & Semir (integrifolia, mythica)       White floss silk-tree / Drunken tree
------------------------------ Species      pentandra (L.) Gaertn. (caribaea, casearia)       Kapok / Java cotton or kapok / Silk-cotton / Ceiba
------------------------------ Species      speciosa (A.St.-Hil.) Ravenna       Silk floss tree / Palo borracho / Paineira
------------------------- Genus      Dombeya  *
------------------------------ Species      elegans Cordem.       Pink shrub or Seminole dombeya / Mahot rose
------------------------------ Species      rotundifolia (Hochst.) Planch. (cerasiflora, condensiflora, cuanzensis, damarana, delevoyi, densiflora, dinteri, gossweileri, melanostigma, myriantha, ringoetti, subdichotoma)        Dikbas / South African wild pear / Drolpeer / Blompeer / Mokgoba / Nhliziyo / Xiluvarhi / Mokgofa / Tshiluvhari / Unhliziyonkulu / iNhliziyonkhulu / Mohlabaphala / Motubane / Nsihaphukuma
------------------------------ Species      wallichii (Lindl.) K.Schum. (penduliflora)        Pink-ball tree
------------------------- Genus      Durio
------------------------------ Species      zibethinus Murray  (acuminatissima)        Durian / Durio / Duren / Ambetan / Kadu / Dulian / Du-yin / Thu-réén / Thourièn / Thurian / Rian / Sâù riêng
------------------------- Genus      Gossypium (Hibiscus)
------------------------------ Species      hirsutum L. (barbadense, birkinshawii, caespitosum, cavanillesianum, harrisii, harrissii, herbaceum, jamaicense, janiphifolium, lanceolatum, latifolium, marie-galante, mexicanum, morrillii, nervosum, nicaraguense, nigrum, palmeri, parvifolium, peruvianum, prostratum, punctatum, purpurascens, religiosum, rhorii, rufum, sandvicense, schottii, sericatum, siamense, taitense, tomentosum, tricuspidatum, tridens, volubile)        Upland or Mexican cotton
------------------------- Genus      Grewia  *
------------------------------ Species      occidentalis L.       Lavender starflower / Crossberry / Four-corner
------------------------- Genus      Hibiscus  *
------------------------------ Species      hamabo Siebold & Zucc.       Hibiscus / Hai bin mu jin
------------------------------ Species      rosa-sinensis L. (arnottii, boryanus, cooperi, festalis, liliiflorus, rosiflorus, storckii)        Rose mallow / Chinese or Hawaiian hibiscus / Rose of China / Shoe flower / Shoeblackplant / Gumamela
------------------------------ Species      sabdariffa L. (acetosus, cruentus, fraternus, gossypifolius, palmatilobus, sanguineus)        Roselle
------------------------------ Species      schizopetalus (Dyer) Hook.f.       Japanese lantern / Fringed rosemallow
------------------------------ Species      syriacus L.       Rose-of-Sharon / Shrub Althea / Rose mallow / St Joseph's rod
------------------------------ Species      tiliaceus L.       Sea or Beach or Coastal or Coast or Native or Cottonwood or Norfolk hibiscus / Coastal or Coast or Green cottonwood / Native Rosella / Kurrajong / Sea rosemallow / Hau / Purau / Gumamela / Waru
------------------------- Genus      Malvaviscus *
------------------------------ Species      arboreus Cav. (acapulcensis, balbisii, mollis)        Turk's cap or Wax mallow / Sleeping or Pepper hibiscus
------------------------- Genus      Pachira (Bombacopsis, Bombax)
------------------------------ Species      aquatica Aubl.  (carolinea, grandiflora, longifolia, macrocarpa, pustulifera, spruceana, villosula, villulosa)        Money tree or plant / Fa-cái shù / Malabar or Guiana chestnut / Provision tree / Saba nut / Monguba / Pumpo
------------------------------ Species      glabra Pasq.       Money tree plant / Lucky tree / French or Guinea peanut/ Maní francés / Árbol de dinero or de la suerte / Castanha-do-maranhão / Castanha-da-praia / Cacau-do-maranhão / Mamorana / Amendoim-de-árvore / Cacau selvagem
------------------------- Genus      Pseudobombax (Bombax) *
------------------------------ Species      ellipticum (Kunth) Dugand       Shaving brush tree / Acoque / Amapola / Árbol de doncellas / Árbol de señoritas / Calinchuche / Clavelina / Jilinsuche / Matías / Pilinsuchil / Pumpo / Shilo / Shilo blanco / Shilo colorado
------------------------- Genus      Sida
------------------------------ Species      acuta Burm.f. (balbisiana, berlandieri, bodinieri, carpinifolia, chanetii, disticha, frutescens, garckeana, lancea, lanceolata, planicaulis, scoparia, spiraeifolia, spireifolia, stauntoniana, stipulata, trivialis, vogelii)        Common wireweed
------------------------- Genus      Sparmannia
------------------------------ Species      africana L.f.       African hemp or linden
------------------------- Genus      Thespesia (Hibiscus)
------------------------------ Species      populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa (macrophylla)        Indian or Large-leaved tulip tree / Pacific rosewood / Portia or Bhendi or Cork or Umbrella or John-Bull tree / Bebaru / Baru baru / Milo / Seaside mahoe / Aden apple / King of flowers / Mangrove / Gajashundi / Palaspipal / Poresh / Paras piplo / Gajadanda / Paras-pipal / Arasi / Bangali / Cilaanthi / Prapparuththi / Pravaras / Aashta / Aas / Paras-bhendi / Parosa pimpal / Parshvapimpal / Pimparani / Pimpari / Parshwapippal / Puvarasu / Gangaravi
------------------------- Genus      Tilia   * EctoMycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      cordata Mill. (parvifolia)        Small-leaved or Little-leaf lime or linden
------------------------------ Species      platyphyllos Scop.       Large-leaved lime or linden
-------------------- Family      Sterculiaceae, the sterculia family
------------------------- Genus      Brachychiton
------------------------------ Species      bidwillii Hook.       Dwarf or Little kurrajong
------------------------------ Species      discolor F.Muell. (luridus, paradoxus)        Brush or Lacebark kurrajong / Lacebarktree / Pink flame tree / Pink sterculia / Queensland laceba
------------------------------ Species      populneus (Schott & Endl.) R.Br.  P        Australian bottle tree / Lacebark kurrajong
------------------------------ Species      rupestris (T.Mitch. ex Lindl.) K.Schum. (delabechei)        Narrow-leaf or Queensland or Australian bottle tree / Queensland kurrajong
-------------------- Family      Thymelaeaceae, the mezereum family
------------------------- Genus      Daphne # highly toxic sap #   *
------------------------------ Species      genkwa Siebold & Zucc.  (fortunei)        Lilac daphne / Yuan hua
------------------------------ Species      jasminea Sm. (cretica, microphylla, oleoides)        Jasmine daphne
------------------------------ Species      odora Thunb. (chinensis, indica, japonica, kiusiana, mazelii, sinensis, speciosissima, triflora)        Winter daphne
------------------------- Genus      Edgeworthia  (Daphne) *
------------------------------ Species      tomentosa (Thunb.) Nakai (chrysantha, papyrifera)        Oriental paperbush
--------------- Order      Violales
-------------------- Family      Tamaricaceae, the tamarisk family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Tamarix W *
------------------------------ Species      chinensis Lour. (juniperina, pentandra, ramosissima)       Chinese or Five-stamen tamarisk or saltcedar
------------------------------ Species      parviflora DC.  (cretica, laxa, lucronensis, rubella, tetrandra)        Smallflower tamarisk
------------------------------ Species      ramosissima Ledeb.  (altaica, eversmannii, odessana, pallasii)        Saltcedar

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Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II


To show patterns of "ease" with known/experienced plants, to find suggested "ease" with unknown/new plants,
to uncover previously unsuspected patterns.
Of course, location and microclimate will ultimately determine when members of the same genus can be grown near each other.


This listing includes more specimens than are delineated in the strict Japanese sense of the word "bonsai."
Enthusiasts around the world are incorporating more and often uniquely local types of plants in their magical miniature landscape compositions,
and thus these pages are compiled with this larger reference in mind.

We are using here the APG II System, with some blending of a modified Cronquist System.
We acknowledge that for some of these plants there could be disagreement regarding ranks above the family level.

(Non-italicized genus or species names) in parenthesis are synonyms of the preceding italicized official genus or species.
Small print non-italicized names after the official species name indicate the author(s) of the original genus placement;
if the genus was changed, we show (the original author(s) in parentheses) followed by the current author, per standard citation practices.
Where a synonym of one plant is also the same as another actual listed species for that genus,
the first plant was listed in some places as a variety of the synoynm rather than as its own species as presented here.
Due to space considerations, we are not including the author(s) for the synonyms.
[Non-italicized genus names] in brackets are alternative but incorrect spellings of the preceding italicized official genus.
Most of the botanical names herein follow The Plant List.


We have started to indicate after the genus name which plants as bonsai are especially favored for their flowers (*),
which are favored for their fruits (o), and which are favored for their colored leaves (#), particularly in autumn.
Please keep in mind that the colors of these symbols are arbitrary and do not necessarily reflect the actual color of the flowers and/or fruits so indicated.
Not all members of the genus may produce these favors.

X after a name indicates rare and/or endangered species.

P after a name indicates pioneer plants, the first to colonize a disturbed or damaged community, fast growers with lots of long-viable seeds, but not particularly long-lived as mature plants.

W after a name indicates weedy or invasive species in some locations, so be careful with your discarded material or parts thereof.

The twenty-three most popular species nowadays are indicated in bolded green.

The original "Four Gentlemen," "Seven Virtuous Ones," and "Eighteen Scholars" are so indicated by either 4, 7, or 18 after the species name.

The climate zone where they are growing will affect whether a few of these plants are perennials or are completely deciduous.



Anyone who knows of additional species used as bonsai or updates/corrections to this listing
is asked to please contact  rjb@magiminiland.org.  Thank-you.



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