A  SUGGESTED  TIMELINE
for the Development of Magical Miniature Landscapes,
NOTES (cont.)

© 2005-2016  Robert J. Baran
All Rights Reserved.




Up to Year 1
1 to 899
900 to 1499
1500 to 1799
1800 to 1999
2000 to present
Notes



Baran, Robert J.  "A Suggested Timeline for the Development of Magical Miniature Landscapes,"
http://www.magiminiland.org/BigPicture/Timeline4b.html, version dated 13 December 2016. 



NOTES  (cont.)


YEAR 1800 to 1999 C.E.

(320)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Paintings/China1644to1911.html.
(321)   Toshihiro, Yonetami  "Wiring," Bonsai Today, No. 1, May-June 1989, pg. 20; Chan, Peter  Bonsai Secrets (Pleasantville, NY: The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.), pg. 115; Koreshoff, pp. 81-83; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Bertin.html.
(322)   http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Main.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Livingstone.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Horticulturist1847.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Fortune.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Hickok.html.
(323)   Stuart in Mowry, pg. 92, and Mowry, pg. 184.
(324)   Simonyi, Tom per English translation from a Chinese colleague, posted 02 Jun 2010, http://ibonsaiclub.forumotion.com/t3190-excerpt-from-the-poet-gong-zizhen-1792-1841#31784.
(325)   Naka, BT II, pp. 306, 322; Katayama, pg. 20.
(326)   Goodrich, L. Carrington and Nigel Cameron  The Face of China As Seen by Photographers & Travelers, 1860-1912 (New York: Aperture, Inc.; 1978), pg. 149; "Famine"; Yang, Dennis Tao  "China's Agricultural Crisis and Famine of 1959-1961: A Survey and Comparison to Soviet Famines," Comparative Economic Studies (2008) 50, 1-29. doi:10.1057/ces.2008.4.
(327)   Redding, "Art of the Mud Man"; Aradi, Peter "Visiting with the Masters -- Zhao Qingquan," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2002, pp. 32-33.
(328)   Wu, Yee-Sun   Man Lung Garden Artistic Pot Plants (Hong Kong: Wing-Lung Bank Ltd., 1969), pg. 63.
(329)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Paintings/China1644to1911.html.
(330)   "Taiwan under Japanese rule," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan_under_Japanese_occupation.
(331)   Koreshoff, pg. 7-8; Naka, John  "Bunjin-Gi or Bunjin Bonsai," Bonsai in California, 1989, Vol. 23, pg. 48; Covello and Yoshimura, pg. 25.
(332)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Books/18001849.html.
(333)   Nozaki, pp. 25-26; O'Connell, Jean  "The Art of Bonsai," Science Digest, March 1970, pg. 38; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/GC1875.html; Lind, Gunter  "Art and Kimura," http://www.bonsaipots.net/index.php?page=art-and-kimura.
(334)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Books/18001849.html.
(335)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Paintings/Japan1800to1868.html.
(336)   Yamada, Tomio "Fundamentals of Wiring Bonsai," International Bonsai, IBA, 2005/No. 4, pg. 10-11; Yamanaka, Kazuki  "The Shimpaku Juniper: Its Secret History," "Chapter II. First Shimpaku: 'Ishizuchi Shimpaku'," http://web.archive.org/web/20040617055328/www.bonsai-wbff.org/shimpaku/shim2.shtml; Hill, Warren "Reflections on Japan," NBF Bulletin, Winter 2000, Vol. XI, No. 2, pg. 5.
(337)   Nozaki, pg. 43; Koreshoff, pg. 8; Donovan, Earl H.  "The Spirit of Bunjin," Bonsai Journal, American Bonsai Society, Vol. 12, No. 2, Summer 1978, pg. 30.
(338)   Nozaki, pg. 26; Hill, pg. 5.
(339)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 20.
(340)   Yanagisawa, pp. 79-81; Hirota, Jōzan  Bonkei, Tray Landscapes (Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd., 1970), pp. 24-28; Koehn, pg. 2.
(341)   Nippon Bonsai Association, pg. 153.
(342)   Nozaki, pg. 24; Itoh, Yoshimi  "Bonsai Origins," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 1969, pg. 3.
(343)   "Suiseki: A World of Understated Beauty within Natural Stone," NHK World on Demand: Core Kyoto, broadcast on-line on January 20, 2016.
(344)   Nippon Bonsai Association, pg. 153.
(345)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Paintings/Japan1869to1912.html.
(346)   Yamanaka & Co. 1899 auction catalog, pp. 16, 17, 19, 28, 31, 33, 34, 42, 45, 49, 56, 58, 64, 71, 76, 84.
(347)   Phan, pp. 54-55.
(348)   http://www.magiminiland.org/BigPicture/InEngland.html.
(349)   Needham, Joseph and Tsuen-Hsuin Tsien, Gwei-Djen Lu, T. Tsuen-Hsuin, Hsing-Tsung Huang, Dieter Kuhn, Francesca Bray, Christian Daniels, Nicholas K Menzies, Christoph Harbsmeier, Nathan Sivin, Peter J Golas  Science and Civilization in China, Vol. VI:1, Botany (Cambridge University Press, 1986), pp. 22-23.
(350)   Jellicoe (eds.), pp. 596-597; Woods and Warren, pg. 130.
(351)   http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Mitchell.html.
(352)   Pessy, Christian and Rémy Samson   Bonsai Basics, A Step-by-Step Guide to Growing, Training & General Care (New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.; 1992), pg. 16; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Maury.html.
(353)   Jellicoe (eds.), pg. 558; Crowder and Ashworth, pg. 29.
(354)   Phan, pg. 58.
(355)   Goldstein, pg. 5.
(356)   Goodrich, pg. 149.
(357)   http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Robbins.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Bailey.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/Cedar.html.
(358)   Titley and Wood, pg. 124.
(359)   Tsukiyama, Ted  "BCI 2000 Hawaii," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, January/February 2000, pg. 11.
(360)  http://www.magiminiland.org/1800Refs/American.html.
(361)   Naka, BT II, pg. 322; Katayama, pg. 20.
(362)   "Advancement of the Art of Bonsai in Taiwan," IBC posting by jrodriguez on Wed Jul 22, 2009 6:27 pm, http://tinyurl.com/ko8zrc.
(363)   Mowry, pg. 115.
(364)   Koreshoff, pg. 6.
(365)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Pre1945Biblio.html.
(366)   Albert-Shue, Karin  "Penjing, An Art Revitalized," International Bonsai, IBA, 1987/No. 2, pg. 14.
(367)   "Taiwan," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan; Fukumoto, David W.  "China: Stepping Back Into Bonsai's Past," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 15, No. 3, Winter 1981, pg. 70.
(368)   Naka, BT II, pg. 322.
(369)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMarb.html, March 15.
(370)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNovb.html, November 15; Hrdlickovi, V.aZ., pg. 20.
(371)   Eshom, Enid Parks  "A Glimpse of China," Bonsai, BCI, Vol. XXI, No. 4, May 1982, pg. 125.
(372)   "Famine"; "Great Leap Forward"; Yang,  "China's Agricultural Crisis and Famine of 1959-1961."
(373)   Richardson, S.D.  Forestry in Communist China (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press; 1966), pg. 155.
(374)   Davis, Rosalie H. "A Gift From the East," Horticulture, August 1987, pg. 51; Chan, Bonsai Secrets, pg. 15; Eshom's article, pg. 125; Roberts, pp. 278-284; See also the 35th (?) paragraph (about 2/3 of the way down) in this SHOW transcript and the fifth and sixth paragraphs here, which was also published as an article in Bonsai, BCI, Vol. 41, No. 4, July/August 2002, pp. 33-36; Aradi's article, pp. 32-33; Fukumoto's "China: Stepping Back" article, pg. 70; Fukumoto, David  "Yee-Sun Wu: The Spirit of Man Lung Penjing!," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. 41, No. 4, July/August 2002, pg. 33.
(375)   Mowry, pp. 115, 170-171, 206.
(376)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 11; Fukumoto's "Yee-Sun Wu" article, pg. 33.
(377)   Albert-Shue, pg. 15.
(378)   Trager, pg. 1059; Lem, Don  "A Summer of Chinese Bonsai," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 13, No. 3, Fall 1979, pg. 53.
(379)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysApr.html, April 1; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMay.html, "Also this month"; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNovb.html", November 15; Lem's article, pg. 55; Eshom's article, pg. 125.
(380)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysOctc.html, "Also this month"; Eshom's article, pg. 125.
(381)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Stamps.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysDec.html, December 4; Aradi's article, pg. 33; Fukumoto's "Stepping Back" article, pg. 70.
(382)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 20.
(383)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSepc.html, September 25.
(384)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysOct.html, October 5.
(385)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysAprb.html, April 20.
(386)   Elias, Tom  "Viewing Stones or Gongshi," April 2013.
(387)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJanc.html, January 27.
(388)   http://bonsaiart.co.uk/websites/taiwan-bonsai-creator-association/.
(389)   "Min-Hsuan Lo," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, January/February/March 2005, pg. 24.
(390)   http://www.magiminiland.org/1900Refs/DuCane.html; Yamanaka, Kazuki  "The Shimpaku Juniper: Its Secret History," "Chapter I. Discovery of Shimpaku," http://www.bonsai-wbff.org/shimpaku/shim1.shtml; Maumerné [sic], Albert  "The Japanese Dwarf Trees: Their Cultivation in Japan and Their Use and Treatment in Europe," Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, January 1908, 33(1): 57-58, 63.
(391)   Nippon Bonsai Association, pg. 153.
(392)   Koreshoff, pp. 8-9.
(393)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Magazines.html.
(394)   Collins, Percy  "The Dwarf-Tree Culture of Japan," Windsor Magazine, October 1907, pg. 540; Kobayashi, Kunio  Bonsai (PIE International; 2011), pg. 17.
(395)   http://www.magiminiland.org/1900Refs/DuCane.html; Yamanaka, Kazuki  "The Shimpaku Juniper: Its Secret History," "Chapter III. Collecting Ishizuchi Shimpaku," http://www.bonsai-wbff.org/shimpaku/shim3.shtml.
(396)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Books/19001949.html; Yamada, pg. 10.
(397)   Terry, Thomas Philip, F.R.G.S.  Terry's Japanese Empire (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company; 1914) pg. 168; Pessy and Samson, pg. 17; Jellicoe (eds.), pg. 296.
(398)   Koreshoff, pg. 242.
(399)   Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 2, No. 1, pg. 17; Yamada, pg. 10-11.
(400)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSep.html, September 1.
(401)   Koreshoff, pg. 10.
(402)   "The artistic beauty of pots," translated by Peter Warren fron Kinbon magazine article, Bonsai Focus, 130/107, 6/2010, Nov/Dec, pg. 57.
(403)   "Old Juniper," New Yorker, November 7, 1970, pp. 38.
(404)   Kuitert, pp. 130-133.
(405)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSepb.html, September 13.
(406)   Koreshoff, pp. 242-243.
(407)   Nozaki, pp. 6, 96.
(408)   Nippon Bonsai Association, pg. 154; Hill, pg. 5; "The Home Islands Ablaze," http://www.usaaf.net/ww2/hittinghome/hittinghomepg9.htm; "Bombing of Tokyo," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firebombing_of_Tokyo; Carr, pp. ix, xii; Chan, Bonsai, pg. 119; "Kuomintang," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuomintang.
(409)   Hirota, Jozan  Bonkei, Tray Landscapes (Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd.; 1970), duskjacket notes.
(410)   Tucker, John A., pg. 179.
(411)   Murata, Kenji  Practical Bonsai For Beginners (New York and Tokyo: Japan Publications Trading Co.; 1964), dustjacket notes.
(412)   http://www.suiseki-assn.gr.jp/enkakuE.html.
(413)   Perry, Lynn R.  Bonsai: Trees and Shrubs, A Guide to the Methods of Kyuzo Murata (New York: The Ronald Press Company; 1964), pg. 71; Kiku display ad, International Bonsai, IBA, 2007/No. 4, back cover.
(414)   Koreshoff, pg. 10.
(415)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysFebb.html, February 11.
(416)   http://www.magiminiland.org/KMurata.html.
(417)   Bonsai Magazine, BCI, November/December 1992, pg. 46.
(418)   Young, Dorothy S. "Bonsai's Top Show," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Spring 1970, pp. 3-4; Avery, George S. "'Fudo' Comes to America," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 5, No. 1, Spring 1971, pp. 3-5.
(419)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysDec.html, December 9.
(420)   Elias, Thomas S. "The Best Bonsai and Suiseki Exhibits in Japan," Bonsai, BCI, May/June 2002, pg. 12.
(421)   International Bonsai, IBA, Winter/80, pg. 25; Yamanaka, Kazuki  "The Shimpaku Juniper: Its Secret History," "Chapter VIII. Supply Diminished, Dangers Increased," http://www.bonsai-wbff.org/shimpaku/shim8.shtml.
(422)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysAprb.html, April 19; Chan, Bonsai, pg. 119-120.
(423)   Valavanis, William N. "The Second Grandview Bonsai Exhibition," International Bonsai, IBA, 1983/No. 1, pg. 12.
(424)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMarc.html, March 31; Lind, http://www.bonsaipots.net/index.php?page=art-and-kimura.
(425)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMar.html, March 2.
(426)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysApr.html, April 6.
(427)   Bonsai Today, No. 27, pg. 4; "Profiles Of The Stars At IBC '94, Part II," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. XXXIII, No. 4, July/August 1994, pg. 16; "History," Nippon Suiseki Association, http://www.suiseki-assn.gr.jp/en/history.html.
(428)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJan.html, January 4.
(429)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 14; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJulc.html, July 25; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysDecb.html, Dec 11; http://www.magiminiland.org/JYNBioSK2.html#Hatsuji; http://www.bonsaiartists.co.uk/eInformer/November2007.pdf, pg. 4.
(430)   Del Tredici, Peter  "From Temple to Terrace, The Remarkable Journey of the Oldest Bonsai in America" (Jamaica, MA: Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University: Arnoldia 64/2-3, 2006), pg. 13; Padrini, Chiara  "The Suseok," pg. 42.
(431)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMay.html, May 4.
(432)   http://www.magiminiland.org/HachiNoKi.html.
(433)   Collins, "The Dwarf-Tree Culture of Japan," pp. 544-545.
(434)   Chidamian, Claude  Bonsai -- Miniature Trees, Their Selection, Culture and Care (New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc.; 1955), pg. 49; Taylor, Norman (ed.)  Taylor's Encyclopedia of Gardening (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company; 1961. Fourth edition.), pp. 997-998.
(435)   Stuart in Mowry, pp. 85, 104 note 1.
(436)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysAug.html, August 3; "Forest of Odd Dwarf Trees Grown by 'Surgery',"  Popular Science Monthly, July 1929, pg. 63.
(437)   Samson, Isabelle and Rémy Samson   The Creative Art of Bonsai (London: Ward Lock Ltd.; 1986), pg. 11; Stein, pg. 9, note 5 on pg. 276, and b&w Fig. 5 on pg. 8.
(438)   "Bonsai in Australia," http://www.botanicalbookshop.com.au/book.asp?ISBN=9780908175635; "Koreshoff Bonsai Nursery - NOW CLOSED," http://www.bonsaishoponline.com/bia/country/au_nsw/koreshoff-bonsai-nursery.shtml.
(439)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysApr.html, April 13.
(440)   Nippon Bonsai Association, pg. 154.
(441)   http://www.magiminiland.org/BoldlyGrow1.html.
(442)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysOct.html, October 15; Allen, James Paul and Eugene James Turner  We the People, An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company; 1988), pg. 182; Eaton, Allen H.  Beauty Behind Barbed Wire (New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers; 1952), pp. 7, 96, 175, 190; Bridgwater, pg. 913; Tsukiyama's article, pg. 11.
(443)   Stein, pp. 13, 277. See detailed descriptions pp. 13-23 of over a dozen pagoda miniature landscapes.
(444)   Ferguson, Paul  "How They Got Started," Bonsai in California, Vol. 23, 1989, pp. 40-41.'s article, pg. 40
(445)   "Getting Started in the Nursery Business," Virginia Tech, http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/nursery/430-050/430-050.html; "Above Ground Container Production," Washington State University, http://gardencenternursery.wsu.edu/container/AboveGroundContainerProduction.htm.
(446)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Books/19001949.html. League mentioned on pg. 45.
(447)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMar.html, March 3; http://www.phoenixbonsai.com/Days/DaysApr.html April 20; Hall, Doug and Don Black  The South African Bonsai Book (Cape Town: Howard Timmons Publishers, Ltd.; 1976, 1983), pg. 17.
(448)   "Above Ground Container Production," Washington State University, http://gardencenternursery.wsu.edu/container/AboveGroundContainerProduction.htm; Nursery Supplies, Inc. 2006 Full Line Product Catalog, http://www.nurserysupplies.com/pdf/2006%20BROCHURE.pdf, pg. 2.
(449)  
(450)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysAug.html, August 3.
(451)   "Adventures of Bonsai in Russia," http://www.bonsai.ru/history-rus.html, BabelFish translation 9/14/2004 and 10/17/2007.
(452)   http://www.magiminiland.org/YY.html; Yoshimura, Yuji "Bunjin-Gi," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. XXVII, No. 6, November/December 1988, pg. 3; Valavanis, William N. "Yuji Yoshimura, A Memorial Tribute To A Bonsai Master & Pioneer," International Bonsai, 1998/No. 1, pg. 43; Naka, Bonsai Techniques (Santa Monica, CA: published for the Bonsai Institute of California by Dennis-Landman; 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1987, 1989, 1991), pg. 258.
(453)   Hall and Black, pg. 17; Green, Ruth "The Twelfth Ohio Regional Bonsai Exhibit, Dawes Arborteum," Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 27, No. 1, Spring 1993, pp. 21, 35; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJul.html, Jul 10; Padrini, Chiara  "The Suseok," pg. 42.
(454)   Burgess, Robert  "Notes From the First British Bonsai Convention," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. XXI, No. 1, January/February 1982, pg. 12.
(455)   + Chan,  Bonsai (1985), pp. 164-165.
(456)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysFebc.html, February 28; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysDecb.html, December 11; Yeager, Ray "Suiseki Before Aiseki Kai," Part 2, California Aiseki Kai Newsletter, June 2007, pg. 1.
(457)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayc.html, May 26.
(458)   Ann Richardson personal e-mail to RJB, July 18, 2002; Banting, Donna "A Day at the Huntington with Ben Oki," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, January/February 2001, pp. 21, 23, which stated that the year was 1966.
(459)   Manning, Cheryl  "John's California Bonsai Society," NABF Newsletter #1, http://www.bonsai-wbff.org/nabf/newsletter1/1d.htm.
(460)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJunb.html, June 15; Avery's article.
(461)   Creech, Dr. John  The Bonsai Saga, How the Bicentennial Collection Came to America (Washington, D.C.: U.S. National Arboretum; 2001), pg. 11.
(462)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSepb.html, September 15. http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNovc.html, "Also this month"; Picella, Gianni  "A History of Italian Bonsai," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, May/June 2000, pg. 12.
(463)   Barrett, Jim  "A New Bonsai Product Evaluation 'Anodized Aluminum Wire,'" Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Apr 1976, Vol. XV, No. 3, pg. 86.
(464)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJul.html, July 9; http://www.bonsaivenezuela.com/quienessomos.htm; http://www.bonsai.ru/articles/istoki.html, BabelFish translation 9/14/2004 and 10/17/2007.
(465)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysFebc.html, February 25; http://www.elandangardens.com/museum/dan.htm; "About the Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens," NABF Newsletter #2, Feature #3, http://www.bonsai-wbff.org/nabf/newsletter2/flmorikami.htm; "The Morikama" [sic], Bonsai Journal, ABS, Vol. 11, No. 4, Winter 1978, pg. 93; Scutcher, Ann  "The fruits of my labour," Bonsai Focus, 6/2008, Nov/Dec, #118, pg. 34.
(466)   "WOBA," ABStracts, ABS, Vol. 8, No. 5-6, November/December 1980, pg. 4.
(467)   http://www.magiminiland.org/StampsThai.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSepc.html, September 26; Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. XXI, No. 1, January/February 1982, pg. 28; Banting, Donna S., "President's Message," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Vol. XXVI, No. 6, November/December 1987, pg. 6; "Indian Bonsai Association -- Association," http://web.archive.org/web/20150304074621/http://www.bonsai-in-asia.com/.
(468)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJunb.html, June 20, 22, and 30; Mahoney, Hal "The Art of Penjing Miniature Landscapes From China," Bonsai Magazine, BCI, Nov/Dec 1989, Vol. XXVIII, No. 6, pp. 13-15.
(469)   Nichin Bonsai, 3-2003, pg. 1; http://www.magiminiland.org/Conventions.html.
(470)   "The National Bonsai Collection of Scotland," http://www.scottishbonsai.org/National%20Collection.htm.
(471)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Magazines.html; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysOct.html", October 7; "Short Takes," ABStracts, ABS, Vol. 18, No. 1, February 1990, pg. 2.
(472)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysFebc.html, February 21; Nichin Bonsai, 3-2003, pg. 1.
(473)   Bonsai Magazine, BCI, March/April 1993, pg. 50; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysAug.html, August 3; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJulc.html, "Also this month"; Scutcher, pg. 34.
(474)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysApr.html, April 9; Bonsai Magazine, BCI, March/April 1993, pg. 50; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 19.
(475)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNov.html, November 5; Zane, Thomas L.  "BSF Exhibit of Bonsai at EPCOT," http://www.bonsai-bsf.com/epcot_process.htm.
(476)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJunc.html, Jun Also.
(477)   "The History of IBS," http://www.collegioibs.it/home.htm/storia.html.
(478)   http://www.bonsai-slovakia.sk/1997.htm; http://www.aquatechnobel.be/pub/noelanders_trophy_01.htm.
(479)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayc.html, May Also.
(480)   Roche, D.M. "Oakland's Bonsai Park -- Life and Death among Little Trees," New California Media Online, January 14, 2000, http://www.ncmonline.com/arts-and-culture/2000-01-14/bonsai.html; http://www.australia-in-pictures.com/brisbane_botanic_gardens6/index.htm.
(481)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJanb.html, January 15, 26 and 30; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysFebb.html, February 15, 19, and 22; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMarb.html, March 12 and 26; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMayb.html, May 15; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJunc.html, June 25; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysJul.html, July 1, 8, 12, and 20; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysSep.html, September 1, 3, and 9; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNov.html, November 7, 9, 11, 12, 22, 26, and 27; http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysDecb.html, December 13 and 29.


YEAR 2000 to present

(482)   "HKBU's unique Penjing garden opens to public," www.hkbu.edu.hk/~cpro/enews2005/20050224a.htm.
(483)   Aradi's article, pp. 33-34.
(484)   "Art of Bonsai Profile: Masahiko Kimura," http://www.artofbonsai.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=942.
(485)   Gilbert, Paul  "Musings From China," Rocky Mountain Bonsai Society Newsletter, November 2010, pg. 2.
(486)   Gajah, Iwan interviewing Budi Sulistyo in "The Emperor Bonsai Southeast Asia," bursabonsai.com, 11 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-bonsai-southeast-asia/.
(487)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/Days/DaysDec.html, December 7.
(488)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/Days/DaysAprc.html, April Also.
(489)   Chandler, Stacy "Tokyo garden displays the best of Japan's miniature bonsai trees," http://www.hkbu.edu.hk/~ours/pr_99/pe070700.htm.
(490)   Kawashima, Ken "Bonsai Regeneration: Youth Cultivates the classic art of bonsai," asahi.com, http://www.hkbu.edu.hk/~ours/pr_99/pe070700.htm, accessed 08/22/02.
(491)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMarc.html, March 28.
(492)   Gajah, Iwan interviewing Budi Sulistyo in "The Emperor Bonsai Southeast Asia," bursabonsai.com, 11 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-bonsai-southeast-asia/; Gajah, Iwan interviewing William Valavanis in "The Emperor Classical Bonsai Art," bursabonsai.com, 20 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-classical-bonsai-art/.
(493)   ABBA web site, "First Symposium & Exhibition," http://bonsai.bogus.net/sym081000c.htm; http://www.willowbog-bonsai.co.uk/News/NoelandersPreSelection.asp.
(494)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysMar.html, March 4; "Winners of the First North American Bonsai Pot Competition, http://www.bonsai-nbf.org/nbf/potcomp2001/potterywinners.htm.
(495)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/DaysNov.html, November 5.
(496)   Raver "A pared-down look for waist-high gardens"
(497)   http://www.wildbonsai.com/pbsi2004.htm.
(498)   tuyhoabob in postings to Internet Bonsai Club Forum, 15 and 16 Jan 2011, http://ibonsaiclub.forumotion.com/t5314-bonsai-in-vietnam-some-insight.
(499)   Gajah, Iwan interviewing Budi Sulistyo in "The Emperor Bonsai Southeast Asia," bursabonsai.com, 11 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-bonsai-southeast-asia/; Gajah, Iwan interviewing Walter Pall in "The Emperor Bonsai Europe," bursabonsai.com, 8 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-of-bonsai-europe/; Gajah, Iwan interviewing William Valavanis in "The Emperor Classical Bonsai Art," bursabonsai.com, 20 June 2013, http://www.bursabonsai.com/the-emperor-classical-bonsai-art/.
(500)   Robert Steven in 09 May 2013 comment posting in "BCI - Bonsai Strong," bonsai bark.com, 30 April 2013, http://bonsaibark.com/2013/04/30/bci-bonsai-strong/.
(501)   http://www.magiminiland.org/Days/Days/DaysSepc.html, September 25; "What is Black Scissors?", as of 17 Dec 2015 update.





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